Stucco is an architectural material that is made from the combination of Portland Cement, a construction aggregate (commonly Sand) and Water mixed together to form a plaster. Traditionally, lime acted as the binder, or glue, in stucco and sand as the aggregate; modern day stucco substitutes cement as the binder to increase solidity. Colored pigments can be added to change the traditional white and grey coloration to more vibrant tones. This durable, relatively low-maintenance material is used to plaster the inside and outside of buildings and homes, easily covering up any damage or undesired, previous architectural structures.
Stucco is a great construction material when applied properly; it can last as long as 100 years without giving a homeowner any issues. Relatively inexpensive and versatile, stucco is a highly recommended building material. Minor repairs may arise; often times these are fairly easy, home improvement repairs that cost minimally to fix or can be small, do-it-yourself projects.
Problems occur when stucco is not initially applied correctly. Improper applications can leave access points for water to get in behind the vapor barrier; water freezes, expands and mildews, all things that will cause shifting and cracking in the walls. With problems like this, professional experience is required. The money spent is worth the knowledge that the house is secure.